Dear Authors,
If you believe that your paper was mistakenly rejected by other leading journals and you do not agree with final decision, the editors of Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy offer new fast track review. You may submit your manuscript to Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy together with all prior peer-reviews obtained from the other journal and your rebuttal letter. We guarantee review based decision within 72 hours from the time we will receive your manuscript.

Fast track submission process: Please submit the manuscript with all reviews and rebuttal letter by email to Dr. Michal Masternak (michal.masternak@ucf.edu) for fast review processing. To assure immediate attention the email title must to include: RPOR-fast track- Last Name First Name (of corresponding author).

Volume 21, Number 5, 2016

Impact of reduction of flux overlap region on kilovoltage cone-beam computed tomography image quality and patients’ exposure dose

Daisuke Kawahara, Shuichi Ozawa, Yuji Murakami, Takeo Nakashima, Masamichi Aita, Shintaro Tsuda, Yusuke Ochi, Takuro Okumura, Hirokazu Masuda, Yoshimi Ohno, Yasushi Nagata

Summary:

Aim

In high-precision radiation therapy, kilovoltage cone-beam computed tomography plays an important role in verifying the position of patient and localization of the target. However, the exposure dose is a problem with kilovoltage cone-beam computed tomography. Flux overlap region increases the patient dose around the center when the scan is performed in a full-scan mode. We assessed the influence of flux overlap region in a full-scan mode to understand the relationship between dose and image quality and investigated methods to achieve a dose reduction.

Method

A Catphan phantom was scanned using various flux overlap region patterns in the pelvis on a full-scan mode. We used an intensity-modulated radiation therapy phantom for measuring the central dose. DoseLab was used to perform image analysis and to evaluate the linearity of the computed tomography values, uniformity, high-contrast resolution, and contrast-to-noise ratio.

Results

The Hounsfield unit value varied by ±40 Hounsfield unit of the acceptance value for the X1 field size of 3.5 cm. However, there were no differences in high-contrast resolution and contrast-to-noise ratio among different scan patterns. The absorbed dose decreased by 7% at maximum for the case within the tolerance value.

Conclusion

Dose reduction is possible by reducing the overlap region after calibration and by performing computed tomography in the appropriate overlap region.

Signature: Rep Pract Oncol Radiother, 2016; 21(5) : 460-465


« back

 
INDEXED IN:

Indexed in: EMBASE®, the Excerpta Medica database, the Elsevier BIOBASE (Current Awareness in Biological Sciences) and in the Index Copernicus.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/15071367/19/2