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Volume 10, Number 6, 2005

MOSFET detectors as a tool for the verification of therapeutic doses of electron beams in radiotherapy

Marcin Dybek, Włodzimierz Łobodziec, Aneta Kawa-Iwanicka, Tomasz Iwanicki


Aim To examine the characteristics of MOSFET (Metal – Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor) detectors for the purpose of electron beam dose determination in in vivo radiotherapy.
Materials/Methods Indications of MOSFET detectors were recorded from phantom measurements, including: dose values of electron beams, the environmental temperature of the detectors, the incidence direction of an electron beam on the detector, the size of the irradiated field. The change in sensitivity of the detectors when under the effects of accumulated doses was also tested. Because of the very small dimensions of the detectors, they were placed in specially designed aluminium capsules - to ensure electron equilibrium (d electrons) during the dose measurement. The detector indications were compared to those seen in a Markus type ionization chamber with a calibration certifi cate. The measurements were made for electron beams with energies of 6, 9, 12, 15, 18 and 21 MeV.
Results The following were established experimentally: There is a linear relationship between detector indications and the dose value. A drop in detector sensitivity is associated with increased environmental temperature (as much as 6% as temperatures rise from 22°C to 42°C). There is a non-linear drop in detector sensitivity with accumulated dose. Detector indications are not affected by changes in incident beam angles within the range of –70° to +70°. The dependency of detector indications on the size of the irradiated field conform with those recorded in the ionization chamber, with variations of up to 1.5%. The dependencies and correction coefficients determined in this study allow measurement of electron beam doses with an accuracy of 2.2%.
Conclusions MOSFET detectors are a useful tool for verification of the entrance doses in electron beam radiotherapy.

Signature: Rep Pract Oncol Radiother, 2005; 10(6) : 301-306


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