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Volume 17, Number 4, 2012

Complication of radiation therapy among patients with positive S. aureus culture from genital tract

Zefiryn Cybulski, Iwona Urbaniak, Andrzej Roszak, Alicja Grabiec, Zofia Talaga, Piotr Klimczak

Summary:

Aim

The main goal of this investigation was to evaluate the influence of positive Staphylococcus aureus culture from the genital tract on patients receiving radiation therapy, suffering from carcinoma of the uterus. The other aim was to observe radiation therapy complications.

Background

Radiation therapy of patients suffering from cervical cancer can be connected with inflammation of the genitourinary tract.

Materials and methods

In years 2006–2010 vaginal swabs from 452 patients were examined. 39 women with positive S. aureus cultures were analysed.

Results

Complications and interruptions during radiation therapy were observed in 7 (18.9%) of 37 patients with positive vaginal S. aureus culture. One of them, a 46-year-old woman developed pelvic inflammatory disease. None of the six patients who received palliative radiotherapy showed interruption in this treatment. Isolated S. aureus strains were classified into 13 sensitivity patterns, of which 8 were represented by 1 strain, two by 2 strains and three by 13, 8 and 6 strains. One strain was diagnosed as methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA).

Conclusions

The results of the present study show that S. aureus may generally be isolated from the genital tract of female patients with neoplastic disease of uterus but is not often observed as inflammation factor of this tract. Comparison of species’ resistance patterns may be used in epidemiological studies in order to discover the source of infections and therefore be of profound significance in the prevention of nosocomial infections.

Signature: Rep Pract Oncol Radiother, 2012; 17(4) : 207-210


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http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/15071367/19/2