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Volume 18, Number 6, 2013

Current status of IMRT in head and neck cancer

Jaime Gomez-Millan, Jesús Romero Fernández, Jose Antonio Medina Carmona

Summary:

Background

IMRT provides highly conformal dose distributions creating non uniform spatial intensity using different segments in the beam.

Material & Methods and Results

Different retrospective studies have shown a high capability of IMRT to treat tumours close to the base of skull. Prospective studies have shown a decrease in xerostomia compared with conventional 3D conformal treatment (3DCRT). Modulation of intensity is performed by the movement of the multileaf collimator (MLC) that can deliver the radiation in different ways, such as static field segments, dynamic field segments and rotational delivery (arc therapy and tomotherapy). There are slight differences among the different techniques in terms of homogeneity, dose conformity and treatment delivery time.

Conclusions

The best method to deliver IMRT will depend on multiple factors such as deliverability, practicality, user training and plan quality.

Signature: Rep Pract Oncol Radiother, 2013; 18(6) : 371-375


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Indexed in: EMBASE®, the Excerpta Medica database, the Elsevier BIOBASE (Current Awareness in Biological Sciences) and in the Index Copernicus.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/15071367/19/2