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Volume 19, Number S1, 2014

Dose gradient based algorithm for beam weights selection in 3D-CRT plans

Marta Krystyna Giżyńska, Paweł F. Kukołowicz



In this work we test the usage of dose gradient based algorithm for the selection of beam weights in 3D-CRT plans for different cancer locations. Our algorithm is easy to implement for three fields technique with wedges defined by planner.


3D-CRT is usually realized with forward planning which is quite time consuming. Several authors published a few methods of beams weights optimization applicable to the 3D-CRT.

Materials and methods

Optimization is based on an assumption that the best plan is achieved if dose gradient at ICRU point is equal to zero. Method was tested for 120 patients, treated in our clinic in 2011-2012, with different cancer locations. For each patient, three fields conformal plan (6 MV and 15 MV X-ray) with the same geometry as proposed by experienced planners was prepared. We compared dose distributions achieved with the proposed method and those prepared by experienced planners. The homogeneity of dose distributions was compared in terms of STD and near minimum and near maximum doses in the PTV.


Mean difference of STD obtained by the proposed algorithm and by planners was 0.1%: 0.1% for prostate cancer, 0.3% for lung cancer, −0.1% for esophagus cancer, 0.1% for rectum cancer, −0.1% for gynecology cancer, −0.1% for stomach cancer.


Applying the proposed algorithm leads to obtain the similar dose distribution homogeneity in the PTV as these achieved by planners and therefore can serve as a support in creating 3D-CRT plans. It is also simple to use and can significantly speed up the treatment planning process.

Signature: Rep Pract Oncol Radiother, 2014; 19(S1) : 9-12

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