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Volume 19, Number 6, 2014

The mutagenicity analysis of imidapril hydrochloride and its degradant, diketopiperazine derivative, nitrosation mixtures by in vitro Ames test with two strains of Salmonella typhimurium

Katarzyna Regulska, Marek Murias, Beata Stanisz, Miłosz Regulski



The evaluation of mutagenic properties of imidapril hydrochloride (IMD) and its degradation impurity, diketopiperazine derivative (DKP), nitrosation mixtures was conducted in order to analyze the carcinogenic risk of IMD long-term treatment in patients. In this study an in vitro Ames test with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium TA 98 and TA 100 strains was used.


IMD and DKP contain nitrogen atoms, which makes them theoretically vulnerable to in vivo nitrosation with the production of N-nitroso compounds (NOC). NOC, in turn, are known animal mutagens indicating that their endogenous production from nitrosable drugs constitutes a carcinogenic hazard.

Materials and methods

Pure IMD sample was exposed to forced degradation conditions of increased temperature and dry air in order to achieve a DKP sample. Both samples were then treated with a nitrosating agent and the obtained nitrosation mixtures were subjected to mutagenicity analysis by the Ames test with S. typhimurium TA 98 and TA 100 strains in the presence and absence of metabolic activation system (S9 mix) using a commercial Ames MPF 98/100 microplate format mutagenicity assay kit.


None of the six concentrations of the investigated nitrosation mixtures exhibited any mutagenic potential in both S. typhimurium strains. The addition of S9 mix did not alter the non-mutagenic properties of the studied compounds.


The nitrite treatment of both studied compounds has no impact on their mutagenic properties under the conditions of the present studies. Hence, IMD and DKP nitrosation mixtures are classified as non-mutagens in this test.

Signature: Rep Pract Oncol Radiother, 2014; 19(6) : 412-419

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